What is gum disease?
Gum disease (also known as Periodontal disease) is a common and often, painful, inflammatory condition which affects the gums.
It attacks the supporting and surrounding soft tissues of the tooth, and in advanced stages, can result in loss of teeth and even affect the jawbone.
What are symptoms of gum disease?
Often the most common symptom. Can occur without pain, and is produced when brushing, flossing or eating food.
Including redness and also pain of the gums.
The appearance of longer looking teeth.
Caused by food particles get trapped under the gum line (known as Halitosis).
Or inability to chew food due to the loosening and misplacement of teeth.
A sign of severe Periodontitis is when pus can be seen oozing out from the pockets or spaces around the teeth.
What are the causes of gum disease?
What types of gum disease are there?
GingivitisAn inflammation of the gums. The first stage of gum disease is caused by the build-up of plaque. This produces toxins which irritate the gums making them tender red and inflamed. There is often a small amount of bleeding and is usually noticed by the patients who report seeing blood on their toothbrushes.
Chronic PeriodontitisThis is the most common form of periodontal disease seen amongst adults. Chronic Periodontitis is when the inflammation of the supporting tissue causes deep pockets and gum recession. Gum recession is usually visible and results in the appearance that the teeth are lengthening. which appear as though the teeth are lengthening. In actual fact this is the result of the gums (gingiva) shrinking and receding.
Aggressive PeriodontitisUsually begins in childhood or early adulthood and affects only a small number of people. It tends to be a genetic disease but can affect people without a family history of the disease. Aggressive periodontitis causes rapid progression of bone loss and tooth loss if untreated.
Necrotising Periodontal DiseaseCharacterised by the death of gum tissue, tooth ligaments and supporting bone caused by lack of blood supply (necrosis), resulting in severe infection. This type generally occurs in people with a suppressed immune system — such as from HIV infection, cancer treatment or other causes — and malnutrition.
How do I to Prevent Gum Disease?
Your Gum Disease Treatment with Dr Finkelstein
Assessment & Cleaning
Pocket Elimination Surgery
If teeth have been lost due to periodontal disease, it is important to insert replacement teeth, ideally these are implanted into the jawbone in order to restore the functionality of the mouth. Tissue regeneration procedures to strengthen the jawbone may be necessary before the dental implant is placed.
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